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10+ Must-Know Philodendron Hederaceum (Heartleaf or Gabby) Care Tips: Propagation, Pruning, Watering and Where to Buy

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10+ Must-Know Philodendron Hederaceum (Heartleaf or Gabby) Care Tips: Propagation, Pruning, Watering and Where to Buy

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Welcome to our comprehensive guide on Philodendron Hederaceum, a popular indoor plant also known as the heart-leaf philodendron or Philodendron Gabby.

Loved for its hardiness and attractive foliage, this plant has found its way into homes and offices all around the world.

If you’re looking to add a touch of greenery to your living space or simply expand your houseplant collection, this guide will walk you through everything you need to know—from planting and care to problem-solving tips.


Philodendron Hederaceum Care Summary

Feature Description
Botanical Name Philodendron Hederaceum
Common Names Heart-leaf philodendron, Philodendron Gabby
Origin Central America, Caribbean
Size Varies
Soil Type Well-draining
Watering Moderate
Sun Exposure Indirect light
Temperature 65-75°F (18-24°C)
Fertilization Every 4-6 weeks
Propagation Stem cuttings
Common Pests and Diseases Spider mites, aphids, root rot
Toxicity Toxic to pets and humans

What is Philodendron Hederaceum?

Philodendron Hederaceum (Heartleaf or Gabby) close up 1

Philodendron Hederaceum, commonly referred to as the heart-leaf philodendron or Philodendron Gabby, is a species of evergreen perennial plants that belong to the Araceae family.

Native to Central America and the Caribbean, it's renowned for its cascading vines and heart-shaped leaves. The leaves can range in size from small to quite large and are typically a glossy green color, though variegated varieties also exist.

This plant is an excellent choice for both seasoned gardeners and beginners due to its minimal care requirements. It is particularly popular as an indoor plant but can also thrive outdoors in warm climates.

The heart-leaf philodendron is not only beautiful but also incredibly versatile. It can be grown in hanging baskets, trained to climb a moss pole, or simply left to trail along a table or shelf.

If you’re looking for a plant that’s easy to care for and can adapt to a variety of living conditions, Philodendron Hederaceum may be just what you need.

Benefits of Having Philodendron Hederaceum at Home

Philodendron Hederaceum (Heartleaf or Gabby) in a pot 1

Adding a Philodendron Hederaceum to your home comes with a range of advantages. One of the most immediate benefits is aesthetic appeal. Its lush green leaves can brighten up any space, providing a soothing, natural ambiance.

For those who are new to gardening, it serves as a fantastic starter plant because it's pretty forgiving and easy to care for.

Aside from its beauty, this plant also offers some health benefits. It has been shown to purify indoor air by absorbing toxins like formaldehyde, making your home a healthier environment.

However, it's essential to note that Philodendron Hederaceum is toxic to pets and humans if ingested, so exercise caution if you have curious pets or small children.

How to Propagate Philodendron Hederaceum

Philodendron Hederaceum (Heartleaf or Gabby) in a pot 2

Propagating Philodendron Hederaceum is a straightforward process and an excellent way to multiply your plant collection without spending money. You can propagate this plant through stem cuttings. Follow these simple steps:

  1. Choose a Healthy Stem: Select a healthy stem with at least one leaf attached.

  2. Cut the Stem: Using a clean pair of scissors or a knife, cut about 4-6 inches of the stem. Make sure to make the cut just below a node (the little bump where a leaf attaches to the stem).

  3. Let it Callus: Place the cut end in a dry area for about an hour to form a callus. This helps prevent rot.

  4. Root in Water or Soil: You can root the cutting in a jar of water or directly into soil. If rooting in water, place the stem in a jar with enough water to submerge the node. Replace the water every few days.

  5. Monitor Growth: After a few weeks, you should see roots beginning to form. Once the roots are about an inch long, the cutting is ready to be planted in soil.

  6. Plant the Cutting: Plant the rooted cutting in a pot filled with well-draining soil. Water it lightly.

  7. Care for the New Plant: Treat the new plant just like you would a mature Philodendron Hederaceum.

How to Prune Philodendron Hederaceum

Philodendron Hederaceum (Heartleaf or Gabby) on concrete pot

Pruning your Philodendron Hederaceum is important for its overall health and appearance. Here are some reasons you might want to prune your plant:

  1. Overgrowth: If the plant becomes too large for its space, you can trim it back.

  2. Shape: To maintain a specific shape or size.

  3. Health: To remove dead or yellow leaves and dead stems to encourage new growth.

Here's how to prune:

  1. Identify Areas for Pruning: Look for dead or yellow leaves and stems that are too long.

  2. Use Clean Tools: Always use clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears to avoid transmitting diseases.

  3. Make the Cut: Cut above a leaf node. If you’re removing a dead or yellow leaf, make your cut as close to the main stem as possible without damaging it.

  4. Dispose of the Clippings: Throw away or compost the dead or unhealthy parts.

  5. Post-Care: After pruning, it’s a good time to check for pests and water your plant.

Best Soil for Philodendron Hederaceum

Philodendron Hederaceum (Heartleaf or Gabby) wet 1

The best soil for Philodendron Hederaceum is well-draining and rich in organic matter. You can use a general-purpose potting mix but adding some perlite or sand can improve drainage. Here’s a simple soil recipe:

  • 60% potting soil
  • 20% perlite
  • 20% compost

Mix these together to create a well-draining, nutrient-rich soil perfect for your Philodendron Hederaceum. Make sure the pot you are using has drainage holes to prevent waterlogged soil, which can lead to root rot.

How often to Water Philodendron Hederaceum

Philodendron Hederaceum (Heartleaf or Gabby) wet 2

Watering your Philodendron Hederaceum adequately is key to its well-being. Overwatering or underwatering can lead to various problems like root rot or leaf drop. Here are some guidelines:

  1. Check the Soil: Stick your finger into the soil up to one inch. If it feels dry, it’s time to water.

  2. Water Thoroughly: Water the plant until you see excess water draining from the bottom of the pot. This ensures that the roots are getting enough moisture.

  3. Use the Right Water: Use distilled, rainwater, or tap water that has been left out overnight to evaporate any chlorine.

  4. Adjust According to Seasons: In summer, you may need to water more often due to higher temperatures and increased light. In winter, reduce the watering frequency.

  5. Signs of Overwatering: If you notice yellow leaves or a musty smell, you might be overwatering.

  6. Signs of Underwatering: Dry, brown tips on leaves are a sign that the plant needs more water.

Light Requirements and Sun Exposure for Philodendron Hederaceum

Philodendron Hederaceum prefers bright, indirect light but is quite tolerant of lower light conditions as well. Here are some pointers on lighting:

  1. Indirect Light: Place your plant near a window where it can receive bright but indirect light.

  2. Avoid Direct Sunlight: Direct sun can scorch the leaves, causing them to turn yellow or brown.

  3. Low Light: This plant can tolerate low light but won't grow as vigorously. The leaves may

    also lose their vibrant green color.

  4. Artificial Light: It can also thrive under fluorescent lights, making it a good option for offices or rooms without windows.

Fertilization for Philodendron Hederaceum

While Philodendron Hederaceum isn’t particularly fussy about fertilization, it does benefit from regular feeding during the growing season (spring and summer). Here are some tips:

  1. Type of Fertilizer: Use a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half the recommended strength.

  2. Frequency: Fertilize every 4-6 weeks during the growing season.

  3. No Fertilizer in Winter: The plant generally doesn’t need fertilization in the winter months.

  4. Signs of Overfertilization: If the leaves start turning brown and the edges become crispy, you might be over-fertilizing.

  5. Flush the Soil: If you suspect you’ve over-fertilized, flush the soil with water to remove excess fertilizer.

Temperature and Humidity for Philodendron Hederaceum

Ideal temperature and humidity conditions for Philodendron Hederaceum are as follows:

  • Temperature: The plant prefers temperatures between 65 and 75°F (18-24°C).

  • Humidity: A relative humidity level of 40-60% is ideal. However, it is quite tolerant of less humid conditions.

To maintain these conditions:

  1. Avoid Drafts: Keep the plant away from drafty windows or vents.

  2. Use a Humidifier: If you live in a dry climate, consider using a humidifier.

  3. Temperature Check: Avoid sudden temperature fluctuations.

Growing Philodendron Hederaceum From Seed

Growing Philodendron Hederaceum from seed is a lengthy process and not the most common method of propagation, but it can be done. Here's how:

  1. Get Quality Seeds: Obtain fresh seeds from a reputable supplier.

  2. Prepare the Soil: Use a well-draining soil mix and fill your seed tray or pots.

  3. Plant the Seeds: Place the seeds on the surface of the soil and lightly cover them with a layer of soil or vermiculite.

  4. Moisture and Warmth: Keep the soil moist and maintain a temperature around 75°F (24°C).

  5. Germination: Seeds should germinate in 2-6 weeks.

  6. Seedling Care: Once seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant them into individual pots.

  7. Transition: As the plants grow, gradually move them to larger pots and begin treating them as mature plants.

How to Pot or Repot Philodendron Hederaceum

Potting or repotting your Philodendron Hederaceum is essential for its health and growth. The best time to do this is in the spring or early summer. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. Choose the Right Pot: Pick a pot that is 2-3 inches larger in diameter than the current one. Make sure it has drainage holes.

  2. Prepare the New Soil: Use a well-draining, organic-rich soil mix.

  3. Remove the Plant: Gently take the plant out of its current pot.

  4. Inspect and Trim: Check the roots for any signs of rot and trim if necessary.

  5. Place in the New Pot: Put some soil in the bottom of the new pot and place the plant inside. Fill the remaining space with soil.

  6. Water: After repotting, water the plant thoroughly.

  7. New Environment: Place the newly potted plant in a shaded area for a couple of days to help it adjust.

Common Pests & Plant Diseases in Philodendron Hederaceum

Like any plant, Philodendron Hederaceum can be susceptible to pests and diseases. Here are some common problems and how to address them:

  • Pests: Spider mites, aphids, and mealybugs are the most common pests. You can treat these with insecticidal soap or neem oil.

  • Diseases: Root rot due to overwatering is the most common disease. If you notice this, repot the plant in fresh, well-draining soil and cut away the rotten roots.

  • Fungal Diseases: These can occur in humid conditions. Improve air circulation and consider using a fungicide.

Philodendron Hederaceum Troubleshooting

If you're encountering issues with your Philodendron Hederaceum, here are some common problems and solutions:

  • Yellow Leaves: Overwatering or too much direct sunlight.

  • Brown Leaf Tips: Underwatering or low humidity.

  • Slow Growth: Inadequate light or fertilization.

  • Leaf Drop: Sudden change in temperature or lighting conditions.

Where to Buy Philodendron Hederaceum

If you’re wondering where to buy Philodendron Hederaceum, you have multiple options. They are commonly available at garden centers, nurseries, and even some big-box stores. Online platforms also offer a wide selection of Philodendron Hederaceum for sale, often including rare or variegated varieties. Always choose a reputable seller to ensure you're getting a healthy plant.

Philodendron Hederaceum FAQ

How do you care for a Philodendron Hederaceum?

Caring for Philodendron Hederaceum is relatively easy. Place it in a spot with indirect light and water it when the top inch of soil feels dry. The ideal temperature is between 65-75°F, and it enjoys moderate humidity.

Use a well-draining soil and fertilize every 4-6 weeks during the growing season. Pruning is not often necessary but can help in shaping the plant.

How much light does a heart-leaf philodendron need?

Heart-leaf philodendron prefers indirect light but can tolerate low-light conditions. Direct sunlight can cause the leaves to yellow or even burn. If the plant is in a darker space, you'll notice fewer leaves and slower growth.

For best results, keep it near a window with filtered light or in an area with bright, indirect light.

Where should I put my heartleaf philodendron?

Place your heartleaf philodendron in a location with bright, indirect light. Avoid direct sunlight, which can scorch its leaves. It's adaptable to various lighting conditions, so it also does well in low light. The plant is versatile enough to thrive in your living room, bedroom, or even an office with fluorescent lighting.

Is a heartleaf philodendron a hanging or climbing plant?

The heartleaf philodendron is a versatile plant that can both hang and climb. In nature, it climbs up trees and other supports. Indoors, it can be trained to climb a moss pole, trellis, or other support structures.

Alternatively, you can let it hang in a pot from the ceiling or a shelf, where its heart-shaped leaves will create a beautiful trailing effect.

Do heartleaf philodendrons like to be misted?

Heartleaf philodendrons appreciate higher humidity levels but are quite tolerant of less humid conditions. While misting is not essential, the plant enjoys a light misting to increase humidity, especially in dry indoor environments.

Misting can also help deter pests like spider mites. However, it's not a substitute for watering, so make sure to keep the soil appropriately moist.


Taking care of Philodendron Hederaceum is an enriching experience that’s also quite manageable, even for those new to houseplants. Its resiliency, attractiveness, and air-purifying qualities make it a superb choice for anyone looking to add some greenery to their home.

Follow this comprehensive guide, and your Philodendron Hederaceum will not only survive but thrive, serving as a beautiful and healthful addition to your living space.

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